Maritime Safety at risk

More than 200,000 vessels sail exposed to cyber-attacks, This should be a wake-up call to the shipping industry.

The threat

cyber security considered a primary concern for maritime industry.

Maritime Safety at risk

Cyber-attacks pose one of the major threats to the maritime shipping industry.

Over the last decade, vessels have become more automated, computerized, and connected.

However, along with these advances, critical PC based onboard systems, which control the ship’s radar, navigation and machinery, have become vulnerable to malicious cyber-attacks.

These attacks can cause irreparable damage or malfunctioning, and place the ship and its crew in danger

The potential attackers are Criminals,Terrorists ,Activists , Geopolitical and Competitors With cyber security considered a primary concern for the future of the maritime industry, and more than 60,000 vessels worldwide potentially at risk, there is an acute need for a cutting edge onboard cyber defense solution.

Naval Dome's Cyber Attack Demonstration

To demonstrate a ship’s vulnerability to cyber-attacks, Naval Dome’s engineering team, performed a series of cyber attacks on live navigation systems, engine and other machinery control systems.

The attacks were able to shift the vessel’s reported position, mislead the radar display, turn on and disable machinery, and override the fuel control, steering and ballast systems.

Attack on the
navigation system

  • Take over the whole integrated bridge systems
  • Display the vessel in a false position
  • Loss of lives
Attack of the
RADAR system

    Misleading Radar picture:

  • Display the vessel in a false position
  • Hide ocean natural obstacles
Attack of the
machinery control system

  • Maliciously operates and disables machinery – Generator, Air Condition, Pumps, etc.
  • Overrides the fuel control, steering and ballast systems
  • Causes the vessel to overturn
  • Fuel spilling and causes vast pollution

Different types of cyber attacks.



Internal Attacks
Attacks which require physical
presence on the vessel

Map update

Technicians

Crew Mobile Phone Charge

External Attacks
Remote attacks implemented
via satellite or cellular

Shipping headquarters updates

System manufacturer updates

The Nightmare
Multiple Maritime Cyber Attacks

Attack on the Navigation system (ECDIS)

Attack of the RADAR system

Attack of the Machinery Control System





The Potential Damage

Attack on the Machine Control & Navigation System

Attack on the Machine Control System (MCS)
  • Maliciously operates and disables machinery – Generator, Air Condition, Pumps, etc
  • Overrides the fuel control, steering and ballast systems
  • Causes the vessel to overturn
  • Fuel spilling and causes vast pollution
Attack on the navigation and safety systems
  • Take over the whole integrated bridge systems
  • Display the vessel in a false position
  • Misleading Radar picture
    • - Eliminate other vessels in the area
    • - Hide ocean natural obstacles
  • Block access to critical onboard systems - Ransomware
    • - Loss of lives
    • - Loss of assets
    • - Loss of time and reputation

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